Sunday, February 9, 2020

Shiranui and a Sumo seedling comparison

Here I compare the fruits from my Sumo seedling vs. Shiranui grafts of the wood obtained from CCPP (Citrus Clonal Protection Program)


I grew the Sumo seedling from a seed found in a supermarket fruit in 2014. I grafted the seedling wood onto mature trees in 2015, and the Shiranui wood from CCPP in 2018.

For the second year, they both produced, and they do not seem to be identical.  Most mandarin seedlings are genetically identical to the mother tree. The differences could be due to the:

1. Cultural or environmental conditions, they are from different trees growing in two different locations, 15 mi away
2. The Sumo fruit I bought in 2014 was of a different genetic origin than the wood distributed now by CCPP as Shiranui
3. The seedlings of Shiranui are not necessarily genetically identical to the mother tree.

What is different


My Sumo seedling fruits are significantly earlier than Shiranui.  Its is nice and sweet now right from the tree, but seems to be a bit dry. I should be picking all these in January, and I remember that they were even better back then. Shiranui fruit is not ripe at all. Its pretty sour on February 9 when tasted is right from the tree. In the pictures below, my seedling is on the left.




Saturday, February 1, 2020

Navel Oranges and Cocktail Grapefruits

Navel Oranges

Three different navel oranges here, left to right: Early Navel, Washington Navel, and Robertson Navel

The Early Navel is sweet but simple; it maybe over its prime time by now. The Washington Navel is very complex with the most acidity out of these three. The Robertson Navel is my winner for today.  Very sweet, flavorful, and juicy.

Cocktail grapefruits from two different locations

I have a graft of Cocktail grapefruit that was fruiting for couple of years already.  Today I was gifted another Cocktail grapefruit from a different location.  My fruit picked today is on the left.  The fruit on the right is an order of magnitude sweeter.  It was picked probably days or a week earlier.  The rind could shrink in storage, I suspect.  Does anyone know if there is just one Cocktail or there are more? The differences could be due to the environmental factors, or they could be different fruits.  My husband thinks they are not of the same cultivar.



Tuesday, January 14, 2020

California Rare Fruit Growers. Fruit Cultivar Registry


Reg # Year Applicant Common name Cultivar Species
1 1970 Paul
Thomson
Mango Edgehill Magnifera
indica
2 1970 Paul
Thomson
Apple Makepeace Malus
pumila
3 1970 Paul
Thomson
White
Sapote
Edgehill Casimiroa
edulis
4 1971 John
Delavoryas 
Cherimoya Dorothea
Wilkinson
Annona
cherimoya
5 1971 Nelson
E. Westree
Black
mulberry
Kaester Morus
nigra
6 1971 Nelson
E. Westree
Surinam
Cherry
Lolita,
317
Eugenia
uniflora
7 1971 Nelson
E. Westree
Surinam
Cherry
Nacha,
194
Eugenia
uniflora
8 1971 Nelson
E. Westree
Surinam
Cherry
369 Eugenia
uniflora
9 1971 Nelson
E. Westree
Surinam
Cherry
404 Eugenia
uniflora
10 1971 John.
M. Riley
Peach Katrina,
1071
Prunus
persica
11 1971 Jerry
H. Staedeli
Mango Reliable,
1171
Magnifera
indica
12 1971 Jerry
H. Staedeli
Mango Diego,
1271
Magnifera
indica
13 1972 Joe
Massidda
Pineapple
guava
Jackson Feijoa
selowiana
14 1973 John
Brown
Cherimoya Bonita Annona
cherimoya
15 1973 Paul
Thomson
Macadamia Cate Macadamia
tetraphilla
16 1973 Paul
Thomson
Macadamia Palomar Macadamia
tetraphilla
17 1974 Orton
Engelhart
Avocado Creamhart Persea
americana
18 1974 Orton
Engelhart
Peach El
Dulce
Prunus
persica
19 1975 Jerry
H. Staedeli
Mango Aloha Magnifera
indica
20 1975 Jerry
H. Staedeli
Mango Surprise Magnifera
indica
21 1976 Arlo
Hale Smith
Tangor San
Bernandino
Citrus
spp hybrid
22 1977 Paul
Thomson
Pineapple
guava
Nazemetz Feijoa
selowiana
23 1977 Paul
Thomson
Avocado Stearns Persea
americana
24 1976 Orton
Engelhart
White
Sapote
Lemon
Gold
Casimiroa
edulis
25 1976 Orton
Engelhart
Cherimoya Honeyhart Annona
cherimoya
26 1979 John.
M. Riley
Paw
paw
Rebecca's
Gold
Asimina
triloba
27 1979 Jim
Neitzel
Cherimoya Sabor Annona
cherimoya
28 1979 Jim
Neitzel
Cherimoya Big
Sister
Annona
cherimoya
29 1984 Orton
Engelhart
Avocado Ortonio Persea
americana
30 1985 George
F. Emerich, Jr
Cherimoya Nata Annona
cherimoya
31 1985 George
F. Emerich, Jr
Pineapple
guava
King Feijoa
selowiana
32 1985 C.
T. Kennedy
Loquat Grant
Road
Eriobotrya
japonica
33 1985 C.
T. Kennedy
Strawberry
guava
John
Riley
Psidium
littorale var longipes
34 1985 Peggy
Winter
Mango Harold
Winter
Magnifera
indica
35 1985 Elaine
Williams
Apple Elaine Malus
pumila
36 1986 Florence
Strange
Tamarillo
(Tree Tomato)
Rothamer Cyphomandra
betacea
37 1986 Rudy
Haluza
Cherimoya El
Bumpo
Annona
cherimoya
38 1986 Rudy
Haluza
Cherimoya Libby Annona
cherimoya
39 1988 Orton
Engelhart
Grapefruit Pomona Citrus
grandis hybrid
40 1988 Orton
Engelhart
Grapefruit Pico Citrus
grandis hybrid
41 1988 Dorothea
Logan
Grape Sweet
Gracie
Vitis
labrusca
42 1988 Den/Pat
Kearney
Carambola,
Starfruit
Florita Averrhoa
carambola
43 1988 Sally
Konstan
Apple Konstan Malus
domestica
44 1990 Samuel/Carmela
Grossberger
Cherimoya Lucida Annona
cherimoya
45 1990 Samuel/Carmela
Grossberger
Cherimoya Santa
Rosa
Annona
cherimoya
46 1990 Samuel/Carmela
Grossberger
Cherimoya Carmela Annona
cherimoya
47 1990 John.
M. Riley
Pitanga
tuba
Say
What
Eugenia
selloi
48 1990 Ray
Hammerand
Macadamia Pearl Macadamia
intergipholia
49 1992 Carol
O. Aguilar
Peach Pink
Baronesse
Prunus
persica
50 1992 Carol
O. Aguilar
Peach Pink
Snow
Prunus
persica
51 1992 U.
Sherman Johnson
Mango Oro Magnifera
indica
52 1992 Lee
L. Findley
Blackberry Findley
Thornless Blackberry
Rubus
hybrid
53 1992 Rob
Brocaw/California Cherimoya Association
Cherimoya Pierce Annona
cherimoya
54 1992 Rob
Brocaw/California Cherimoya Association
Cherimoya Knight Annona
cherimoya
55 1992 Maynard
J. Omerberg
Mango True
Love
Magnifera
indica
56 1992 Quang
Ong
Tropical
Guava
Ong Psidium
guajava
57 1995 Sharon
Adams
Surinam
Cherry
Plum
Perfect
Eugenia
uniflora
58 1998 Robert
Holzinger
Passion
fruit 
Purple
Tiger
Passiflora
hybrid (P. alata X P. quadrangularis)
59 1998 Robert
Holzinger
Passion
fruit 
Frederick Passiflora
hybrid (P. edulis X P. flavicarpa X P. edulis)
60 1998 Robert
Holzinger
Passion
fruit 
Red
Rover
Passiflora
hybrid (P. edulis X P. flavicarpa X P. edulis)
61 2000 William
Kloppe
Apricot Rosie's
Delight
Prunus
armeniaca
62 2000 David
Silber
Wampee McHenry
Sweet
Clausena
lansium
63 2000 L. G. Allen Lychee Sweet
Song
Litchi
sinensis
64 1986 Lee
Anderson
Loquat Suzanne Eriobotrya
japonica
65 1986 Lee
Anderson
Loquat Gillespie Eriobotrya
japonica
66 1986 Paul
A. Dewenter
Pummelo Dewenter Citrus
maxima
67 1993 Robert
L. Grindstaff
Asian
Plum
Ruth's
Sweet Heart
Prunus
salicina
68 1996 Eunice
Messner
Mango Carnival Magnifera
indica
69 1997 Nino
Cupaiuolo
Cherimoya Fortuna Annona
cherimoya
70 1999 David
Silber
Kei
Apple
Arcadian Dovyalis
caffra
71 2001 Eunice
Messner
Cherimoya Elixir Annona
cherimoya
72 2001 Sassin
John Charter
Pomegranate Prideful Punica
granatum
73 2019 Richard
Frost
Grape Gold
Monukka
Vitis
X hybrid
74 2019 Charles
W. Portney
Banana Becky’s
Mystery Banana
Musa
sp.
75 2019 Rolf
Dethlefsen and Connie Lee
Apple Ronnie Malus
pumila
76 2019 Marta
Matvienko
Surinam
Cherry, pitanga
Guaruja
Red
Eugenia
uniflora
77 2019 Deborah
Oisboid
Fig Stroz Ficus
carica
78 2019 Margaret
Frane
White
Sapote
Coleman
Apple Sapote
Casimiroa
edulis
79 2019 Harvey
Correia
White
Sapote
Delta
Gold (Harvey B3)
Casimiroa
edulis
80 2019 Bruce
N. Goren
Tomato  San
Francisco Sunrise
Solanum
lycopersicum










Sunday, November 24, 2019

Pomegranates. My seedling of Vkusnyi, Balegal, Girkanets, and Kandahar

The seedling of Vkusnyi and Balegal are plain sweet with soft seeds. Girkanets is very complex with good amounts of sugar and acid, and the Kandahar is plain sweet.  The later two have hard seeds.
Positions for the opened fruits picture:
My seedling of Vkusnyi - top left, Balegal - top right
Girkanets - bottom left, Kandahar - bottom right

My seedling of Vkusnyi was started from seed in 2014. I am still evaluating this one. Very productive, the fruits are light colored and more flat than a typical pomegranate shape. Sweet, not complex, might need a bit more maturation. The seeds are very soft. The arils are bright red. Very attractive when cut.

Balegal Productive, medium sized pink fruits. The arils are bright pink, sweet, with soft seeds. This variety originated in San Diego.

Girkanets Very dark fruits with dark arils.  The flavor is excellent, complex, sweet-sour.  The seeds are hard. Originated at the Experimental Station of Plant Genetic Resources, Garrygala, Turkmenistan (USSR).

Kandahar Very attractive bright red large fruits. The variety came to me as Kandahar Early, but the fruits don't seems to be fully ripe even by the end of November.  The arils are bright red with simple sweet flavor and large hard seeds. Lots of white pulp between the sections. Clearly, this is not the best selection from the Kandahar province of Afghanistan that is known for its good quality of pomegranates.


Friday, November 22, 2019

Pomegranates. Azadi, Myatadzhy, and Vina

All these are mostly sweet to very sweet and soft-seeded
Myatadzhy - top, 
Azadi - left, and Vina - right.


'Azadi' Sweet and simple flavor, soft seeds, pale red arils, gold or light pink skin, late season, good keeper. Originated at the Experimental Station of Plant Genetic Resources, Garrygala, Turkmenistan (USSR)


'Myatadzhy' Sweet with just enough acid for interest, soft seeds, dark red arils, dark red skin, early season. Originated at the Experimental Station of Plant Genetic Resources, Garrygala, Turkmenistan (USSR)

'Vina' Papershell type with pink skin. Very sweet arils are bright red with soft seeds. Mid to late season. Originally from the Trappist Monastery in Vina, CA, USA

Side notes

I find it peculiar that Richard Ashton in his book THE INCREDIBLE POMEGRANATE PLANT & FRUIT describes some acidity in Azadi: "DPUN 135 Azadi – Very sweet, medium sized fruit. Name means ‘freedom’ in Persian. Peach colored gold fruit. Light pink sweet soft seeds with a little pleasant astringency." I suspect they picked the fruit a bit early. I usually pick this fruit from mid November. Maybe I should try it earlier too.

The opposite goes for Myatadzhy. Here is his description: "DPUN 134 Myatadzhy – Very sweet. Soft seeds. Seeds have nutty taste." In my experience, Myatadzhy picked at it's prime time in early October has the best flavor with some mild acidity.  Myatadzhy picked in mid-late November will be mostly sweet.


Thursday, November 7, 2019

Feijoa taste tests

Seedlings from Mark Albert fruits


In fall of 2015 Mark Albert brought loads of fruits from his selections to the talk he was giving for the Golden Gate Chapter of California Rare Fruit Growers . I planted the seeds from his best tasting fruit, and I grew 12 seedling trees in Vacaville. Some of them already fruited in 2018, and most are fruiting this year, 2019. Some are more precocious and productive than others. Seedlings 1, 2, and 12 didn't produce any fruit this year. Some are earlier ripening than others. Seedlings 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 10 are early ripening. Seedlings 8, 9, and 11 are late ripening.

I asked few friends to help evaluating the flavor to find the ones that deserve to be kept and may become good selections. In total, four people tasted them, and all of us found that 10, 7, and 6 (in this order) are the best selections from the early ripening seedlings.

The first picture here is from Chuck Chan with the fruits I sent him to evaluate
And here are the cut fruits in same order from my taste test
The taste notes Chuck:
I should add that 6, 7, and 10 have good production, with #10 having the largest fruits with the most consistent shape and size. #10 also has the thickest rind.

I compared how 7 and 10 taste versus one of my favorite named cultivars, Apollo. They seem to be on a par with Apollo. I could not place them higher or lower. These all seem to be very good fruits with unique profiles.

Evaluation of named feijoa cultivars



The fruits in the below picture were obtained from a friend growing them in Isleton. Left to right here: Albert Pride, Nazemetz, Unique, Moore, Genesis, and A9 (a seedling tree).

My favorites from this tasting were Moore and A9. Albert Pride was nice, but probably under-ripe. Unique does not have enough acid for me.  Genesis was probably not ripe yet. Nazemetz is very mild and gritty with the most thick rind.


Below are fruits from my young trees in Vacaville
Flavia had 2 fruits only, and I suspect that both fell prematurely.  They didn't seem to be ripe
Triumph is a very good sweet fruit. I collected them much later than optimal, they all were soft, but still no browning inside.
8 Ball is very nice sweet, smooth fruit, mostly small sized fruits. Good sweet-acid balance.
Albert Pride was very good in this sample. Good balanced fruit, more acidic than 8 Ball. However, it browns fast after softening, limiting it storage

Another feijoa cultivar that I had for a long time is Coolidgei. It might be a seedling of Coolidge, or just a misspelled (on the tag) Coolidge. I'm going to continue calling it Coolidgei, as I bought it under this name 2001.
The tree is partially self-fertile, produces good tasting fruits.  However, they are very variable is size and texture.  They are also very gritty.  Some fruits are very large, like the one below is 173 g.
I started top-working this tree, and already grafted known cultivars onto few large branches.  Since the production is relatively low for this cultivar, its unlikely that I'll be preserving it for future use. 

Shiranui and a Sumo seedling comparison

Here I compare the fruits from my Sumo seedling vs. Shiranui grafts of the wood obtained from CCPP (Citrus Clonal Protection Program) I ...