Wednesday, June 16, 2021

Developing avocado fruits, June of 2021

I found 14 accessions that made the fruitlets this year. I don’t expect all will hold the fruits to the maturity as some are recent grafts or new trees. Today we expect to reach 100F, and tomorrow we are up to 110F.

Mexicola 

Plenty of fruits on my old tree. I suspect most will make it through the Thursday heat of 110F.

Aravaipa  

Not a lot of fruits this year as I had to prune these branches significantly.

Wurtz


Holiday 


Guatemalan UCD


Brazos Belle


GEM


Long South Gate


Daily 11


John Herd


Bonny Doon


Royal Wright 


Second Red


Duke


Friday, June 11, 2021

Strawberry and Argelino loquats

 I missed to collect the Strawberry loquat fruits when they were perfectly ripe. The ones I have here on the left part of the picture are past their prime. No detectable acid here, sweet fruit, mostly of a baked apple flavor. 

Argelino fruits just reached their peak ripeness stage. These are probably the most flavorful loquat I have, with an excellent sugar and acid balance. Apricot-grape and maybe even mango flavored.



Monday, June 7, 2021

Four White Loquats in Early June

 All these four selections are very good loquats. All are growing on the same combination tree in Vacaville, California.


Chuck has the most dense flesh, sweet, apple-grape flavored, overripe now.

Ed's Delight is still very good, but now at the end of its peak ripening period. Very sweet with a little acid, soft, juicy, pear flavored.

Surprise is at the peak ripeness now.  Very sweet and very juicy with some strawberry-apple notes.

Fletcher White Many fruits are ready, some will need more time. Sweet with a good amount of acid, grape-pear flavored, juicy.

Sunday, June 6, 2021

Sour cherries in Sacramento Valley

Back in December of 2017, I ordered scions of 12 sour cherry accessions from the USDA Geneva (NY) station. They arrived in early 2018. I also collected some additional cultivars from the local gardening friends. In total, 16 different cultivars were successfully grafted and planted in ground in the early 2019. 

They are:
Almaz
Balaton
Belle Magnifique
Bianco Rosato di Piedmonte
Csengodi Csocros
Danube
Duke
Favorite
Oblachinskaya
Pamjat Vavilova
PV1
Shatten Morelle
Studencheskaya
Sumadinka
Tamaris
Vladimirskaya

For the rootstocks, I used Mahaleb, and a few Adara stocks.

Few accessions were also grafted onto in-ground trees:

Almaz -> Adara Intersteam -> Shiro plum
Belle Magnifique -> Adara
PV1 -> Adara
Duke -> Adara Intersteam -> Shiro Plum
Sumadinka -> Royal Rainier sweet cherry

The first to fruit were the grafts made onto in-ground trees. I got few fruits from Almaz and Duke already in 2019. Belle Magnifique and Sumadinka started to produce in 2020.  Sumadinka seems to be the most productive with Belle Magnifique coming in a close second. Now in 2021, Duke and Almaz produced just a few fruits, and this might be due to the short Adara intersteams.  I used just ~4 inches of Adara, and I should have used a foot of it. These grafts reside on my Shiro plum, and they stopped growing.

Sumadinka on the other hand is taking over the Royal Rainier cherry, and now this graft represents most of the tree. The fruits have very typical sour cherry flavor, see them in the picture below.

Belle Magnifique fruits (picture below) taste sweeter, as they are a selections of a hybrid Duke cherry.
However, Belle Magnifique fruits (the right fruit in the image below) are a little smaller and lighter than Sumadinka (the left fruit in the below image).

Duke is a relatively large and “sweet” sour cherry as it’s a sour-sweet hybrid.

Almaz is a light colored cherry with transparent juice. I only had a few not fully ripe fruits and do not have an opinion about this accession yet.

From the newly made trees, only Sumadinka, Balaton, and Oblachinskaya made few fruits in spring of 2021. I will need a few more years to figure out which cultivars perform well in my area. Sumadinka and Belle Magnifique seem to be the most promising, as of now.






Tuesday, June 1, 2021

Blueberries, the first real harvest

 Blueberries turned out to be one of the most challenging plants to grow here in Davis. This was until about a year and half ago, when I followed an advice to grow them in large pots. Last year I already had some berries from a couple of my potted plants and today I picked a bowl from each Reveille (left) and Southmoon plants. 

The Reveille fruits seem to be larger and sweeter than Southmoon, but this could be due to the sunnier location. This plant has almost full day of sun:

While my Southmoon plant is mostly in the shade:

Both plants grow in a peat moss rich mix with added sulfur and occasionally get a balanced fertilizer. 


Thursday, May 27, 2021

Second tasting of loquats in May of 2021

 This is a much smaller set of loquat fruits than I described a few days ago. All fruits here are from my multigrafted tree in Davis. I have more grafts that fruited this year, but these are what the birds and squirrels left for me. 


Argelino still needs more time. It’s an excellent late cultivar, but does not have enough sugar yet.

McBeth  is actually not bad this year, or I may have caught it at the right time. Pretty sweet, dense flesh with some acid.  Mild apple-apricot flavor. Good size.

Shed fruits are coming from a recent small graft. Very sweet, juicy, with intense melon-apple-apricot flavor. Little acidity makes it an overall excellent fruit.

Napa Library is a small but very early and extremely sweet fruit with a flavor of very sweet melon and apple. I do not detect any acidity in this fruit.

My pick from this tasting is Shed.

Tuesday, May 25, 2021

Mulberries in May of 2021

This year we started picking mulberries already in April. The first cultivar to produce was Himalayan DMOR9, the longest berry in the picture below. Here I have (left to right): Pakistan, Oscar, Maple Leaf, Himalayan DMOR9, Pakistan White, Big leaf FL


Himalayan DMOR9 is an excellent mulberry with very high sugar and some acid, a few more pictures below 


The tree is large and vigorous. The cuttings do not root and the propagation is by grafting mostly. I didn’t try the air layering yet, this might work too. The leaves are slightly lobed.




Pakistan  White (Saharanpur Local, Australian Green) produces extremely sweet long white mulberries. No acid in these fruits and they can be consumed even when not fully ripe. The tree is very vigorous. The cuttings do not root and should be grafted.




Oscar is a relatively common cultivar with sweet- sour fruits. They need to be fully ripe to be enjoyable. Just a standard good dark fruit without anything special in it. Large tree that needs pruning every season.  Oscar dormant cuttings can be rooted. Below are the Oscar fruits along  a few Pakistan white fruits.
In two images below I show how Oscar compares to Maple Leaf mulberry fruits. Oscar is on the left in both images.
Maple Leaf is an excellent mulberry and deserves a better distribution. The fruits are long, some can be as long as the smaller Pakistan mulberries. Very sweet with a little acid. The tree is large. It seems it can be rooted from dormant cuttings. The images are above along with Oscar fruits. In the below image, Maple Leaf is the rightmost fruit. Left to right here are Himalayan DMOR9, Pakistan, Oscar, and Maple Leaf.

Buluklu mulberry just started ripening in the end of May. The large tree produces a lot of sweet very juicy fruit without any acidity. I like them very much. This type of the fruit is very common in Central Asia and Turkey.
In the image below, all short white fruits are Buluklu.

Big Leaf FL
is the code name for the mulberry that came nameless from Florida. The fruits are relatively large, black, sweet-sour and need to be completely ripe to be enjoyable. The leaves are very large on this tree. In the image above, these fruits are on top of the Buluklu fruits in the container on the right.
More pictures below.


Pakistan
 is a very good large fruit with a balance of sweet and sour, more on the sweet side. It’s not as intense as the Himalayan DMOR9 however. Here is how it compares to Illinois Everbearing in the picture below. This is a large tree, needs yearly pruning. The dormant cuttings can be rooted.


Illinois Everbearing
is just starting to ripen the very first fruits. It’s a later ripening cultivar. The fruits are small, sweet-sour and need to be fully ripe to be enjoyable. The fruits are in the picture above on the right. The tree is large, the cuttings do not root and should be grafted.

Black Prince doesn’t normally fruit in May, but I have a grafted tree in a 10 gallon pot by the Southern wall in my backyard and it produces now. The fruits on my in ground tree are not ready yet. These are excellent, very sweet with a little acid. The fruit size from this potted tree is smaller than the ones from the in ground tree. 

The fruits have a lighter middle core.

I should move this tree to a large pot of I want to keep it in my yard. Here is the tree:

Black Prince trees are large, and it seems that the cuttings can be rooted.

Material availability.  Many of these can be found as cuttings at the winter exchanges organized by the CRFG chapters.  If I have material for sale, I post it at reallygoodplants.com 


 

Developing avocado fruits, June of 2021

I found 14 accessions that made the fruitlets this year. I don’t expect all will hold the fruits to the maturity as some are recent grafts o...