The tree seems to be small, but I only have 2 seasons of experience with it in the ground. It fruits all summer long, making it similar in the fruiting pattern to the 4 seasons mulberry. However, the fruits are smaller and not as complex as the 4 seasons mulberry, and they are less juicy. They should have a better shelf life than the 4 seasons. The fruits have longer petioles than the 4 seasons, and they separate from the shoots easier with less mess. The shoots are strait and a little thicker than the 4 seasons mulberry shoots. They root easily from cuttings.
Tuesday, December 29, 2020
Monday, December 28, 2020
Adara is a Prunus cerasifera selection with a wide range of compatibility with various Prunus species. Adara is also known as Puente, which is a trademarked name.
Adara is mostly used as intersteam for grafting cherries onto plums. First, graft Adara onto plum, then graft cherry scions a season later. It is possible to do both grafts in the same season as I described earlier.
Adara can also be used as a rootstock and tolerates a wide range of soils. I have a very good experience using it in heavy clay soils as a rootstock for sweet and sour cherries. The only problem I see with some vigorous sweet cherry selections is that they grow wide faster than Adara rootstock. In the picture below, Coral (left) and Lapins sweet cherries grafted on Adara at 3 years age. Grafting low maybe a better option, especially for vigorous cultivars.
I tasted 5 different mandarins today. In the pictures, they are in the following order, left to right:
Saturday, December 26, 2020
Large fast growing tree with very pleasant fruits in early June. The flavor is intense with high sugar content. It still has some acid, but less than Oscar fruits, that ripen at the same time.
Maple Leaf (left) and Oscar
Large fast growing tree with snow white honey-sweet fruits without any acidity. The fruits are about the same size as Oscar mulberry and smaller than 4 season mulberry. Buluklu is in the lower left corner in the picture below.
Starting from top left: Pakistan, 4 seasons, Saharanpur Local, Shangri La.
Starting from bottom left: Buluklu, Oscar, FL Big Leaf, Illinois Everbearing.
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
Vernon is a very good cultivar and performs great in Davis, CA. My tree came from Home Depot in Woodland in 2015. It produces every year in November- December. The tree is still small, around 5 ft tall.
The pictures are from the 2020 harvest.
Monday, December 14, 2020
These three mulberries are probably the same accession propagated under 3 different names. Saharanpur Local mulberry came to my garden directly from USDA. Australian Green was donated by a friend, and Pakistan White came from a CRFG exchange. I do not see any differences in the fruit flavor, shape, or the tree size. The leaf shapes are identical too.
These are very fast-growing large trees that will require pruning. The fruits are long, very sweet, with no acidity. We occasionally have the plant material available at reallygoodplants.com
Thursday, December 3, 2020
Lubimyi and Girkanets are late season fruits, ripening from November to December. Both are hard-seeded and complex in flavor.
Lubimyi - Hard-seeded, large seeds, sweet-sour with sweet cherry flavor. Nice flavored, but the seeds are large, probably best for juicing.
Girkanets - Hard-seeded, but the seeds are small, sweet-sour with some tannins. Exceptionally flavored with all attributes of classic pomegranate taste profile. Can be used for fresh eating or juicing.
Girkanets (left) and Lubimyi
Sunday, November 29, 2020
This month I don't have any avocados on my trees. When my Mexicola tree was young, it used to fruit into November, but this year it started very early, as I remember picking the first fruits in August. Most of Mexicola fruits we harvested by early October. On October 25, I picked the last fruit from my tree. It was a Brazos Belle fruit from a recent graft onto my large Mexicola. The fruit was good, but not as intensely flavored as Mexicola.
In November, I started to buy store avocados. The first pack of small fruit from a fruit stand made me question if those were even Hass. They were watery, but OK in flavor. The next pack of medium sized Hass from a large store seems to be even worse. Today I compared one of the Hass fruits with a fruit of Mexican cultivar that my neighbor gifted me.
Wednesday, November 25, 2020
This chance seedling is from the farm of Harvey Correia in Isleton. He grows various excellent cultivars of pomegranates, and he suspects that this tree is a seedling of one of them. The fruits are medium to large in size, very dark. The arils are very large and dark with soft seeds. The seeds seems to be softer than Desertnyi's seeds. The flavor reminds me of Desertnyi, but a bit sweeter, like a cross with Vina. Overall, an excellent accession, and I am planning to make a tree for myself.
I have a small graft of Fisch white sapote on my Golden Globe tree. The Fisch graft was from 2018 and produced two ripe fruits in November 2020. The fruits are pretty different from most white sapote cultivars I tasted. Fisch fruits are dense and do not macerate when overripe. The skin is not bitter and very thin. The flavor is very nice with citrusy notes.
Sunday, November 22, 2020
I am planning to write quick posts here on what I have fruiting every months of the year.
November might be the most productive month here in the Sacramento Valley.
1. Pomegranate - most if not all cultivars are ready
2. Feijoa - midseason cultivars are dropping fruits
3. Persimmons - mostly just Jiro from the old trees on the farm. From the newer grafts, I just collected the first fruit of an old astringent cultivar I call Watermelon. A few American persimmons, Early Jewel, Lehman's Delight and Meader
4. Citrus - Early satsumas (Okitsu Wase, Miyagawa, Miho Wase), Rangpur Lime, Thornless Mexican lime
5. Tropical guava - My Brazilian seedling produces plenty of fruit
6. Kei Apple - The productive "Sweet Female #4" - good amount of fruit into November
7. Che - Oregon Exotics is ripe and the production is good
8. Occasionally I pick dragon fruits. On November 11, I picked "Hardy", and on November 21 "Haley's Comet" and "Vietnamese Giant"
9. Cherimoya Fortuna produced one very nice fruit
10. No avocados on my trees, all finished, but my neighbor's tree is fruiting now. The cultivar might be Mexicola Grande or another Mexican large fruited cultivar. I need to graft her wood onto my tree.
Friday, November 20, 2020
Okitsu wase satsuma is ready in October, and it is my first mandarin. It is followed by Miyagawa satsuma, and Miho wase is just starting now. My Miho wase is grafted onto a Navel orange tree, and the fruits probably would be better if grafted on a regular rootstock or another mandarin.
In the pictures below, left to right are Miho wase, Miyagawa, and Okitsu wase satsumas.
Okitsu wase is very good starting from October, and it is still the best one out of these three satsumas in November. The outer color of these mandarins are often green and does not reflect the fruit ripeness.
Thursday, November 19, 2020
This cultivar was registered by Nino Cupaiuolo with the California Rare Fruit Growers in 1997. Fortuna is not distributed widely, as it did not make it to any of the large commercial nurseries. La Verne propagates many other cherimoya cultivars, but not Fortuna. Five years ago I was gifted a small grafted tree by a friend in Southern California. The tree made it through couple of first harsh winters we had in Davis, and finally started to produce. I do not expect to get a lot of fruits, as the tree is growing in a very densely planted bed along with a few other trees. Like many home gardeners I grow too many trees in too little space. Never the less, today I harvested a very nice sweet fruit. I believe this cultivar deserves a better distribution. An important attribute of this cultivar is its early fruiting time, that should allow to harvest the fruits before the frosts. We occasionally have them in the Sacramento Valley.
Monday, November 16, 2020
Back in 2015 I visited the garden of Leo Manuel in San Diego. Leo is known for his collection of dragon fruits, mangos, and other tropicals. The purpose of my visit was to buy the book on dragon fruit written buy Paul Thomson. During the yard visit, Leo offered me two cuttings from the plants that were not well distributed. One was a hybrid between some tropical species that promptly died in it's first winter in Davis. The second one was a pure H. undatus acquired from a friend. All he knew is that the plant should be hardier than most. He called it "Hardy". Five years after, the plant still lives in Davis and occasionally fruits. The flowers are self fertile. The fruit is typical of an undatus. It is large, white fleshed, mildly sweet. The flesh is significantly sweeter in the middle of the fruit as compared to the fruit periphery. The fruit in the pictures below was collected on November 10, 2020 and was of an excellent quality.
Sunday, November 15, 2020
In 2014 I decided to germinate the seeds from the fruit I got from the garden of Edgar Valdivia in Southern California. In 2015 I planted six seedlings by the Western fence in my front yard in Davis, and another five seedlings at the Vacaville farm. While I got the first fruits from my Davis seedlings, these were shy bearers as they only get the sun in the afternoons. In 2020 I didn't get a single fruit from my Davis kei apples.
This year all five Vacaville trees bloomed, and I could easily sex them by looking at the flowers. I got three females (## 1, 2, 4) and two males (## 3 and 5).
The first Vacaville tree to come into fruiting was female #4 in 2019. It could be just a dozen or two of fruits last year. This year, the tree was very fruitful with hundreds of fruits. The fruits of this tree are unusually sweet for a kei apple. They still have acid, but they can be eaten easily in large quantities. We started picking the fruits in September and there are still some on the tree in November. Two pictures below are from female #4 taken in September.
Saturday, November 14, 2020
I grow a couple of these, a male and a female. They go under the cultivar name Oregon Exotics, as they were originally distributed by the nursery with this name. The female produces very large sweet fruit that ripen in November. I made both trees in 2017 by grafting the scions onto Osage orange rootstocks. The female started to produce in 2018, and this year (2020) I have a pretty good crop.
Many citrus fruits can be harvested this month. I have the following: Oranges : Washington Navel, Navellina, Cara-Cara, Boukhobza, Sangui...