Pervenec Samarkanda (Первенец Самарканда)
The cultivar was introduced in 1959 by the Shreder (currently Miszayev) institute of pomology and viticulture in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. The USDA station in Geneva, NY grows this accession. The name meaning (translated from Russian) is “Firstborn of Samarkand”. This probably refers to it being the earliest ripening apple.
This accession fruited the first time this year for me, and turned out to be my best early apple of the season. The fruits are juicy, sweet-sour, very bright in the flavor and good in texture. They are medium-small in size, the skin is mostly light yellow, the flesh is white. This is considered to be the best apple for drying, and I understand why - the flavor will be even more concentrated in the dry fruit. I do not think this apple has any storage potential, and should be consumed in under a few weeks.
This apple deserves a better distribution especially in the hot climates. The fruits had none or minimal sunburn damage after the heatwave in June with the temperatures of over 110F. The tree canopy was very minimal and most fruits were exposed to sun.
The accession is occasionally available as scions at the CRFG winter exchanges. This is a very old selection from the 19th century or even earlier. Originated in Lithuania and known back then in the Russian Empire as Malinovoye Lievlandskoe (Малиновое Лифляндское). I suspect that nowadays this cultivar in known in Russia as Ranet Letnii (Summer Ranet). There are no traces of Малиновое Лифляндское on the present Russian pages on the web. However, this cultivar is listed in the Botanical Glossary (in Old Russian) from 1878.
This is a sweet soft apple with low acidity. Good eating, pleasant and mellow in flavor. The fruits had some sunburn damage after the heatwave.
The fruits are yellow and striped with red, a bit wavy in the form. The flesh is white.
The scions of this accession came to me from the Perfect Circle farm in Vermont. These fruits were the largest, most attractive in the color, but also the most sour and sharp in the flavor. Most fruits were also badly damaged by the sunburn. Hopefully when the tree develops a larger canopy, the sunburn will not be as bad. This apple is for those who prefer sour apples.
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